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Processing and evaluation: References | APA

Part of the Information Literacy Portal

What is referencing?

Academic writing relies on more than just the ideas and experience of one author. It also uses the ideas and research of other sources: books, journal articles, websites, and so forth. These other sources may be used to support the author's ideas, or the author may be discussing, analyzing, or critiquing other sources.

Referencing is used to tell the reader where ideas from other sources have been used in an assignment.


Collecting references

You can make and use references in different ways: create them yourself, based on a book or article, or use bibliographies belonging to books or articles. But you can also make references from bibliographies found in catalogues and databases.

Copy your data carefully! If a reference is incomplete or wrong your reader will not be able to find the right source.

 has a free software tool named Endnote. This is a very useful tool to copy references, make them, organize them and link them to your assignment in

From 1 January 2019, Zuyd will switch to EndNote Basic, the web version of EndNote. The EndNote software will no longer be available via the Zuyd network.

Playlist: Citing with library search tools

Do you want to know how to transfer a reference from our search engine DiZ, Google Scholar or the library catalogue?
View these short infoclips.

The Basics of APA Style

The Ohio State University. (2015, 30 april). The Basics of APA Style [video]. Retrieved from 

Endnote: a helpful tool

What is Endnote?

EndNote is a multiplatform software tool that helps you manage the process of writing and preparing research papers. You can be much more focused on the actual writing of the paper if you let EndNote do the heavy work for you. EndNote will manage PDFs and other research files, automatically compiling key information from your files for easy reference and citation building.

By connecting Endnote to Word you can make references and bibliographies while writing according to a certain reference style. This may enhance the quality of your written assignment.

More information? See the LibGuide: Endnote 

The APA Publication Manual

Online APA Citation Guide

This guide is based on the APA Publication Manual, 7th edition.
It provides selected citation examples for common types of sources.

Still using the 6th edition of the APA Style Guide? 

Erläuterung der APA-Richtlinien

Online Vancouver Citation Guide

Patrias, K. (2009). Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers (2nd ed.). Bethesda, Md.: National Library of Medicine. | Disclaimer | Over Zuyd Bibliotheek