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Music: APA 6th ed.

LibGuide Conservatorium Maastricht (Academy of Music)


Please note that the information on these pages is based on the APA 6th edition.
Edition 7 has now been published. We will update this LibGuide shortly. 
Take a look at this pdf for the 10 most important changes in APA 7th edition

APA Style Basics - APA 6th - Referencing

There are two parts to referencing:

  1. In-text citations - the citations within the text of your paper and
  2. End-text references - the reference list at the end of your paper.

Citation within the text

The APA referencing style is an "author-date" style, so the citation in the text consists of the author(s) and year of publication. Use only the surname of the author(s) followed by a comma and the year of publication. Include page, chapter or section numbers if you need to be specific, for example if you are quoting, paraphrasing or summarizing:


No distinction is made between books, music scores, journal articles, internet documents or other formats except for electronic documents that do not provide page numbers. In this case use the paragraph number, if available, with the abbreviation para. 

Citation in reference list

The full details of the source are given in a reference list at the end of the document.
Reference list entries contain all the information that is required to follow up your source. Reference lists in APA are arranged alphabetically by author.

Referencing and APA

You can find more information about Referencing and APA in the Zuyd Information Literacy Portal

Free APA Citation Generator

EndNote Basic

‚ÄčEndNote is a free powerful tool for managing your research. The connection between EndNote and Word makes it possible to include references and the reference list while writing.
Read more in the EndNote Basic LibGuide. | Disclaimer | Over Zuyd Bibliotheek